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Adolph Alexander Weinman
(1870 - 1952)
Adolph Weinman was an American sculptor, born in Karlsruhe, Germany. He came to the United States at the age of ten, and when he was fifteen began night classes at Cooper Union. Weinman later studied at the Art Students League of New York with Augustus St. Gaudens and Philip Martiny, fellow sculptors, and also served as assistant to artists such as Charles Niehaus, Olin Warner, and Daniel Chester French. In 1904 Weinman opened his own studio. He is best known as a medalist, though he always wished to be known more for his architectural sculpture. He is the designer of the Walking Liberty Half Dollar coin, the "Mercury" Dime, and various medals for the United States Armed Services. Among these are included the Asiatic-Pacific, European-African-Middle Eastern, and American Campaign Medals. His architectural sculpture, however, is also prominently displayed throughout the United States. His work can be found in the Wisconsin, Missouri, and Louisiana state capitol buildings, and he became the sculptor of choice for the architectural firm McKim, Mead, and White and designed sculpture for their Manhattan Municipal Building, Madison Square Presbyterian Church, Prison Ship Martyrs' Monument, and Pennsylvania Railway Station (Penn Station). Weinman also created the dramatic frieze on the Elks National Veterans Memorial in Chicago and provided sculpture for the Post Office Department Building, the Jefferson Memorial, and the U.S. Supreme Court, all in Washington, D.C. His works are done mostly in a neoclassical style, hearkening back to a Greco-Roman influence in its attention to anatomy, movement, and clothing. Weinman died at age eighty-one in New York, in August of 1952.