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Frederick Judd Waugh
(Bordentown, NJ, 1861 - 1940, Provincetown, MA)
Frederick Judd Waugh, born September 13, 1861, was an American artist well known for his marine paintings. His father was Samuel Waugh, a popular Philadelphia portrait painter. Young Frederick studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and then at the Académie Julian in Paris with Adolphe-William Bouguereau. He departed Paris and made his way to England, where he resided on the island of Sark in the English Channel and made his living painting seascapes. In 1908 he returned to America and settled in Montclair Heights, New Jersey. He acquired an art studio after making a trade with art collector William T. Evans, giving him one painting a year in exchange for the studio. Later, he lived on Bailey Island, Maine, and in Provincetown, Massachusetts. In 1918 he was recommended to the U.S. Navy to serve as a camouflage artist, or "camoufleur", for the Design Section of the marine camouflage unit. About his work here, a biography of Waugh, written by Havens in 1869, says this: "Many large ships, including the Leviathan, were painted according to his designs. Though the enterprise was of course a team effort in which no man played a solo part, he had every reason to be proud of his record. Only one ship with his system of camouflage was lost during the war." Frederick Waugh died September 10, 1940.